A Level: Web Application Development Using PHP (A9.2-R5, NIELIT / DOEACC)



    The combination of PHP and MySQL is the most convenient approach to dynamic, database-driven web design. Flexible, scalable, extensible, stable, open—PHP is all of these and more, which is why it’s one of the most popular programming toolkits in the world. Today, more than 20 million domains use PHP, including Facebook and Yahoo. PHP is easily embedded with HTML and is used to manage dynamic content and the databases of websites or, we can say Web applications. We can use PHP with many popular databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, Sybase, Informix, and Microsoft SQL Server.
    So, using PHP is also good economics for organizations: it allows them to save on licensing fees and expensive server hardware, while simultaneously producing higher quality products in shorter time frames. Any would-be developer on a Unix/Linux or even a Windows/Apache platform will need to master these technologies. At the same time, JavaScript is important, as it provides in-browser dynamic functionality and, through Ajax, hidden communication with the webserver to create seamless interfaces. In conjunction with CSS, these technologies integrate to provide a formidable array of powerful web-development tools.


    The module is designed to equip a person with skills of web application development using PHP & MySQL under Linux environment. The module will cover aspects of how to use PHP, MySQL and client-side validations like AJAX and JQUERY to create powerful and easy to maintain database-driven web-based applications. It provides depth knowledge of web application development using open source tools like Linux, Apache, MySQL, and Php. After completing the module, the incumbent will be able to:

    • Work on Linux operating system.
    • Designing of Web Pages
    • Configure and implement security features on Apache.
    • Design a Database in MySQL
    • Perform MySQL Administration
    • Work in programming language PHP
    • Develop a Website using Open Source Technologies

    120 Hours – (Theory: 48 hrs + Practical: 72 hrs)

    Detailed Syllabus

    (i) Introduction to the Website Development
    Introduction of Web Site: Concept of Website and Web Pages, types of Websites Introduction to Open-source Technologies: Operating system, Web Server, Database, Scripting Languages Platforms for website development: LAMP, WAMP, and MAMP, Scripting language

    (ii) Introduction to Linux Operating System
    Linux Operating System: Topics- Introduction, Installation, Linux Architecture, Boot Process, Kernel, System Initialization. Different flavors of Linux, Review of Basic Commands and Editors: Topics – Introduction to NetBeans, Installation and Configuring NetBeans, edit, Notepad++, Configuring Servers: Installation of PHP and MySQL on Linux Operating System, Installation of Net Beans IDE and its configuration, Configuration of Apache Server

    (iii) Design of Web Pages
    Basic HTML:HTML Basics, HTML Elements, HTML Attributes, HTML Headings, HTML Paragraphs, HTML Styles, HTML Formatting, HTML Quotations, HTML Links, HTML Table, HTML Lists, HTML Blocks, HTML Classes, HTML IFrames etc.
    HTML Forms: HTML Form Elements, Input Types, Input Attributes. CSS: CSS Introduction, CSS Types, CSS Padding, CSS Id & Class, Styling Backgrounds Fonts, Links, CSS Border, HTML5

    (iv) Client-Side Validations using Various Techniques
    Java Script: Java Script Introduction, Variable declaration, Operators, Control Statements, Error Handling, understanding arrays, Built-in Functions, User-defined Function, HTML Forms, and JavaScript, HTML DOM, Validations using JavaScript
    AJAX: Introduction to AJAX, XML Http Request Object, Response Handling, AJAX Components, AJAX Framework, HTML in AJAX, XML and AJAX, Validations using AJAX
    JQUERY: JQUERY Introduction, JQUERY library, JQuery Selectors, JQuery Filters, Working with JQuery Events, JQuery and HTML Forms, Validations using JQuery

    (v) Server-side programming language PHP
    Introduction of Php: Programming Concepts, Architecture of web application, PHP Data Types, and basics
    Control Structures: Conditional statement, if, else, case, for, while loops
    Arrays in PHP: Types of Arrays, Array attributes, Associative arrays, Array functions. PHP Functions: String and other functions in PHP, Super global, PHP Functions, Types of Function: User Defined Function and Inbuilt Functions, PHP Email Function, etc.
    Object-Oriented Concepts: Classes, defining a class and its usage, Constructor, Inheritance, Exception Handling, Use of include and require. PHP Forms methods: GET, POST & REQUEST, creating user forms. File handling in PHP: Uploading files and images, Using file system in PHP.

    (vi) Database Connectivity with PHP and MySQL
    Creation of Database Connection file, Database connectivity, using MySQL functions in PHP. Server-side validations. Inserting, Updating, deleting data using PHP and MySQL through forms, Bind Parameters for Database Queries, Using MySQL Store procedures in PHP, Database server configuration using IPv4 and IPv6, Fetching Data from the Database server.

    (vii) Web Services &Security Vulnerabilities
    Web service architecture & Introduction, Session and cookies, Authentication and Authorization, storing hashed passwords in the database, login and Logout operation, Access Control Filter, Session-based, and cookie-based login, Using security features, etc. SQL Injection, Cross-Site Scripting, Broken Authentication and Session Management, Insecure Direct Object References, Cross-Site Request Forgery, Security Misconfiguration, Insecure Cryptographic Storage, Failure to restrict URL access.

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